CCHD screening has been mandated by Illinois hospitals through Public Act 098-0440
amending the Newborn Screening Metabolic Act that went into effect August of last
year (2013). Currently, the Illinois NBS Program is not collecting any screening
data, but is still looking into that as a possibility in the future.


The Indiana State Department of Health’s newborn screening laws require that every baby born in Indiana be tested for 47 conditions including Critical congenital heart disease. Testing for CCHD is mandated and fully implemented using the pulse oximetry test since 2012. The following link includes additional information on pulse ox screening and can also be included for Indiana:


On April 17, 2013, Gov. Steve Beshear signed Senate Bill 125 into law mandating screening of newborns for critical congenital heart disease. As part of Kentucky’s routine newborn screening panel, pulse oximetry testing helps identify several critical defects, the most dangerous and potentially life-threatening to the newborn that can be missed by prenatal ultrasound or physical examination.


Effective April 1, 2014, the Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) has implemented statewide screening of all Michigan newborns for critical congenital heart disease using pulse oximetry prior to hospital discharge. The Newborn Screening Program and the CCHD Advisory Committee recommend that newborns be screened prior to hospital discharge.


Minnesota state law (Statute 144.1251) outlines the following responsibilities for all licensed hospitals and birthing centers in the state. These responsibilities include communication about the newborn pulse oximetry screening with parents prior to the screening, screening all infants for Critical Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD) after 24 hours but before discharge (unless a refusal form is signed), and reporting the results to the Minnesota Department of Health Newborn Screening Program.


The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS) has added by emergency rule, screening for Critical Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD) by pulse oximetry (POX) to the Wisconsin Newborn Screening Program’s panel of conditions. This means that every infant born in a hospital is required to have CCHD screening prior to discharge. Babies born outside of a hospital are also required to be screened.